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Understanding the Meaning of Love

What is love? According to the social and emotional perspective, there can be many answers. But according to medical science love is a neurological condition. A cocktail of few hormones and chemicals in the brain that can lead a person to the path of finding true love and on this journey love is a chemistry which is interesting to learn.

The famous anthropologist Helen Fisher explains this neurological condition in three steps.

Desire: This is the first step according to Helen when male and female tend to get more attracted and lustful towards each other due to the presence of sex hormones testosterone and oestrogen.

Attractions are the second step which is an amazing neurological condition. In this step, a person starts to feel more than lust and sexual desire. According to the scientists, three main neurotransmitters related to it are adrenaline, dopamine and serotonin.

On the journey of love, the stress level of a person can increase a lot due to which the amount of adrenaline and cortisol increases in the blood. In this condition a person experiences strange reasons for anxiety and his mind begins to develop unconditional love towards someone special. Often in these cases, the problems faced are an increase in heart beats and drying out of the mouth.

Helen tells about the dopamine, people who love someone have difficulties with sleeping at night, loss of appetite, lack of interest in doing any work and a feeling of happiness when repetitively thinking about small things connected to the person they love.

According to research conducted by Helen, where she studied the brains of a few couples. She found the amount of dopamine level in their blood to be substantial. This chemical aggravates for the fulfilment of desires and its effect on the brain is similar to the effect of cocaine.

Serotonin too is an important chemical for producing love, due to this chemical a loved one becomes an integral part of a person’s thought process. It also connects two people together by their likes and dislikes.

Affection is the third and the last step of love and provides the strength for a relationship to continue it for a long-term. A journey of life with every moment they would like to spend with each-each other and won’t give away their trust till the end of it. Scientists believe two hormones are responsible for this behaviour: oxytocin and vasopressin.

Oxytocin plays a vital role in the cases of Love and relationships and deepens the feels of love and care towards partners and by this hormone, two people start to feel the closest to each other. This hormone is also responsible for the development of the relation between a mother and a child.

Dyan Witt, an Assistant professor of physiology in New York found out by the researchers conducted on sheep and rats that a mother may refuse to accept her child if the secretion of oxytocin gets blocked in the female.

At the same time, vasopressin is helpful for long-term commitment and its nature has been found out on an experiment made over an animal, when the levels of vasopressin decreased in the female her relationships was severely affected, and the affection between the couples was reduced.

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