Categorized | Rosacea

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Understanding Acne Rosacea Will Ensure You Can Control And Treat It!

What is acne rosacea? Acne rosacea is the common name for Papulopustular rosacea, which is in fact an entirely separate medical condition from acne. Rosacea is a disease of unknown origin, most commonly characterized by permanent redness across the cheeks, nose and forehead. Papulopustular Rosacea is often confused with acne as it is often accompanied with small red pus-filled bumps quite similar to acne. Rosacea and acne are not the same thing, for while there are effective treatments that can cure acne, there is no permanent, complete fix for rosacea. Rosacea affects around 45 million people around the globe including ex American President Bill Clinton and the UK’s late Princess Diana.

Rosacea is common in people of European descent, tends to affect people between the ages of thirty and sixty and affects women three times more often than men, but men are more severely affected by rosacea than women. As noted before rosacea begins as a permanent redness across the cheeks, nose and forehead, less commonly the redness spreads down the neck and chest. Small red pus-filled bumps are singular to Papulopustular rosacea and the pus-filled bumps usually last less than a week, which is why they are often confused with regular acne. Itching, burning and stinging are not uncommon with all forms of rosacea.

The cause of rosacea is unknown, but there is a strong hereditary component to it. Rosacea occurs when the blood vessels in the face become damaged by repeated dilation from outside stimuli such as blushing, extreme heat or cold, exertion, and even some foods. Microdermabrasion and chemical peels, two common treatments for acne, have been known to cause rosacea as well. This damage causes the blood vessels to dilate easier and for longer periods of time if not permanently, this damage can also cause immune cells and inflammatory mediators to leak and cause the pus-filled bumps and red papules.

Rosacea is not acne and cannot be treated in the same way, as noted above it can be permanently damaging if misdiagnosed. Avoiding triggers is one way to prevent an outbreak of rosacea, keeping a diary of triggers can be helpful in this respect. Protection from the sun is imperative as extreme temperatures can easily cause an outbreak of rosacea. Oral or topical antibiotics are often prescribed to alleviate symptoms including papulopustular rosacea symptoms. Isotretinoin, a drug used to treat severe cases of acne, is prescribed in cases where the pus filled bumps are persistent. Laser surgery has also proven effective in alleviating the redness of rosacea.

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