Categorized | Skin Care

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Is Your Baby Affected by Eczema?

Baby’s skin is very sensitive, prone to irritation or infection. If not careful, he could suffer from eczema.

Skin condition is a “mirror” the body’s health. Person’s overall appearance will be interesting if her skin healthy, fresh, and clean. So also with the appearance of your child.

Disorders that arise can include skin rash, with marked redness and itching of skin, which showed inflammation has occurred. In more severe conditions, break out in pimples and sometimes blisters.

Such skin disorders is actually eczema. And these skin disorders are common in children. In addition to hereditary factors, particularly the problem of allergies, cleanliness factor could be the cause of eczema.


Eczema (dermatitis) is the process of inflammation of the skin. This disorder occurs in the cuticle layer (epidermis) and hides the layer (dermis). For information, human skin consists of three layers, namely epidermis, dermis, and subcutaneous tissue. In addition, other parts of the skin are the nails and hair.

Another thing that should be known to the parents, the production of sweat glands and skin oils relatively fewer babies than adult skin. As a result more easily distracted changes in temperature and humidity in the vicinity. “Baby’s skin is also more susceptible to irritant materials, as well as to infection,” said Ary, a graduate of this Faculty of medicine.

As a newborn, baby smooth skin covered by fat (vernix caseosa) that serves as protector. This fat will peel off by itself, such as a bath. Therefore, no need to forcibly exfoliated. Many, right, in between we are trying to rid the area with rubbing excessively? Well, you should refrain from the habit.

Baby skin care should be taken into account as part of overall health care. The goal, of course, to keep skin clean and healthy so they can function as a protector of the body.

Skin disorder that we call the eczema is classified into two stages, namely the still new (acute) and chronic (chronic). In the acute stage, the skin looks red and moist. When compared with the bleeding under the skin, such as dengue fever, the redness may disappear when pressed but appears again when the pressure is removed. Also arise as a pimple and it will turn into a kind of bubble which if broken will remove fluid such as sap.

While in the chronic stage, the skin looks dry. Thickening occurs along the lines that a clear skin and the skin looks black because of interference with the pigment (hyperpigmentation).

The exact cause of eczema is not known with certainty. Allegedly eczema appears in children who have the talent / descent allergy. For example, a history of asthma or frequent sneezing on his family. Also who are allergic to certain foods, such as cow’s milk and eggs.

Various disorders

Any abnormality that usually arise on the baby’s skin? Among others:

* Diaper Eczema

From the name, this disease can certainly occur in areas covered diaper. Among the area, genitals, groin, and buttocks. Most attacking children aged under one year. But it can also be experienced by children over that age.

Symptoms appear as reddish-looking skin can be accompanied by a pimple. “Eczema is a form of diaper dermatitis, contact dermatitis. In general, occur because too often and long skin contact with urine or feces,” said Ary. Urine or feces contains various chemicals which stimulates the skin and cause severe inflammation. Friction between the skin with the skin on the groin area can cause blisters or sores. As a result, little susceptible to fungal or bacterial infections, eg Candida fungus that comes from feces.

In a baby boy diaper eczema can be wound on the tip of the penis. Dermatitis or a simple rash is usually not infectious. While a diaper rash caused by microorganisms can sometimes spread to other body parts. In fact, it could also spread to other children.

Appropriate action is to prevent the occurrence of diaper rash. One immediate way to change diapers so she wet herself. But, if the diaper rash condition extends to other places or your baby seems in pain, immediately take it to the doctor.

* Seborrheic Dermatitis

Parents often mention the term Seborrheic Dermatitis on newborn skin abnormalities few weeks. Most often attacks the scalp area. Therefore, breakfast is closely related to the insolvent glands numerous in the area the baby’s scalp. This ointment gland function remove sebum or oil.

In the newborn, found in many insolvent glands that emit large amounts of sebum. If appearance is not too bad, breakfast is not something to be feared. Because in general, this disease will heal by itself after the baby is a bit large (8-12 months). And usually did not ever recur again.

This skin disorder is characterized by redness on the scalp with yellowish crust. Can be coupled or without itching. If disease is severe, the entire surface of the scalp with hair will be closed yellowish crusts are thick, dirty, and issued a bad smell.

This disease may be widespread in the forehead, outer ear canal, behind the ear, around the nose and mouth, eyebrows, chest, back, groin area, armpits, buttocks, anus, and genitals. This skin disorder is usually in the form of patches of round or oval, coupled with yellowish scales, and oily. With the condition of skin disorders such as this, the baby will be susceptible to fungal or bacterial infection.

If your child does get breakfast on the scalp, hair should be cut short or shaved. If the scab thick, spread with plant oils and keep shampooing twice a week using baby shampoo.

* Atopic Dermatitis

Although milk is known as eczema that usually affects the cheeks, the cause is not the milk consumed by infants. This skin disorder associated with innate sensitivity baby called atopy.

Atopic dermatitis usually occurs in children who come from families who have a history of eczema, asthma and allergies in the nose is marked by frequent sneezing (rhinitis). These disorders arise begins with intense itching, a baby crying / fussing in the middle of the night, and rubbing the itchy areas of another object (in toddlers). Usually if you can not stand the itch, the child will scratch it until the redness and crusty.

Eczema is most often attacked despite the facial area may also extend into the folds of the elbow and knee regions. Often thick and black skin (hyperpigmentation). Although most cases will disappear, this disorder resulting in skin will be sensitive as adults and at risk of asthma or rhinitis.

Treatment provided by smearing cream steroids for inflammation or if necessary, oral medication plus an antihistamine for itching (and can help your baby to sleep) and antibiotics if infection occurs. “It should be stressed that the antihistamine cream should not be used to avoid sensitization,” said dr. Ary.

For the time being, avoid child soak for too long, do not use soap in the affected areas, use traditional soft soap for other areas that are not affected, or add liquid colloidal oatmeal in a water bath immersion.

* Prickly Heat

Prickly heat comes from hot air. Experienced by most babies, toddlers and young children but also not impossible to experience it.

This rash usually occurs on the neck and shoulders, but can spread to the chest area, back, or face that is much sweat glands. Appearance characterized by small red rash on reddened area on the skin. Usually peel then dried.

Treatment is done by cooling the skin with starch, corn flour, or powder baby-powder that is widely available in stores. Be careful when sprinkled powder / flour on the child’s body. Try not to be inhaled so as not to interfere with breathing. Another way could be done by adding flour in water bath.

Most important for the prevention, avoid the small of excessive heat and use a loose-fitting clothing made of materials that absorb sweat. Except that, try to cool the air inside the house with proper ventilation.

* Fungal infections

Fungal infections (tinea corporis) started with the symptoms of skin feels itchy and scaly. The area of red skin that later develop into a ring of round or oval around the center of the slick.

The reason, as the name suggests, the fungus. Fungal infections are easily transmitted. Anyone can be exposed. Not only small children, even adults can have it if the contacts with an infected person or animal fungal or through objects that have been touched by the person / animal is infected.

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